Desarrollo temprano de la capacidad de mentalización, principales precursores neuropsicológicos y sus alteraciones

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Flores Lázaro, J. (2022). Desarrollo temprano de la capacidad de mentalización, principales precursores neuropsicológicos y sus alteraciones. Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos De Psicología, 2021(2), 1–18.


La mentalización es una capacidad neuropsicológica que permite la interacción entre personas, y el reconocimiento de estados mentales, deseos, y pensamientos propios y de los demás. Esta capacidad presenta competencias tempranas desde los primeros meses de vida. En este artículo se presenta una revisión narrativa de la literatura, dividida en dos secciones: la primera incluye los principales precursores neuropsicológicos que soportan y fomentan el desarrollo normal de la capacidad de mentalización en infantes y niños preescolares: la percepción visual, la búsqueda de mirada/ rostro, las respuestas de expresiones faciales, la atención conjunta y el reconocimiento de emociones. En la segunda sección se revisa la afectación de estos precursores en niños con trastorno del espectro autista. El conocimiento de las principales dimensiones del desarrollo temprano de la mentalización permitirá contar con mejores herramientas profesionales para la evaluación y detección temprana de alteraciones. Por ende, se podrá realizar una intervención eficaz con respecto a la mentalización, la cual se ve afectada en diversos trastornos del desarrollo.


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