Desarrollo y validación de una escala de ansiedad basada en el modelo de los Cinco Factores
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Palabras clave

Ansiedad
Modelo de los Cinco Factores
Modelo de los Cinco Grandes
Modelo de Respuesta Graduada
Teoría de Respuesta al Ítem

Cómo citar

Abal, F. J. P., Lozzia, G. S., & Attorresi, H. F. . (2022). Desarrollo y validación de una escala de ansiedad basada en el modelo de los Cinco Factores: Development and Validation of an Anxiety Scale based on the Five Factors Model. Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos De Psicología, 22(2), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.18270/chps.v22i2.4001

Resumen

Se presenta el proceso de construcción de una escala para medir la faceta Ansiedad según el Modelo de los Cinco Factores. A partir de una revisión de las definiciones teóricas y operacionales de autores relevantes en el tema, se redactaron 13 ítems con formato tipo Likert. Estos ítems fueron sometidos a juicio experto y una prueba piloto. Luego se administraron a 742 adultos de población general residentes en el área metropolitana de Buenos Aires, Argentina (55.3% mujeres, edad media = 38 años y DE = 13.9 años). Se verificó la unidimensionalidad mediante un análisis factorial exploratorio. El ajuste del Modelo de Respuesta Graduada de Samejima (2010) fue satisfactorio para todos los ítems. Se aportan evidencias de validez convergente y discriminante con Big Five Inventory y SCL-90-R. No se halló funcionamiento diferencial del ítem por género. Se obtuvieron indicadores óptimos de consistencia interna (Alfa de Cronbach = .85, Alfa Ordinal = .88 y Omega Ordinal = .88). La fiabilidad marginal obtenida en el marco de la Teoría de Respuesta al Ítem resultó de .88. La Función de Información del Test fue adecuada en un rango amplio de niveles del rasgo latente. Se concluye que la escala de la faceta Ansiedad cuenta con evidencias de validez y confiabilidad suficientes que dan garantías para su aplicación.

https://doi.org/10.18270/chps..v22i2.4001
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