Redes de valor y logística en la industria manufacturera: procesos claves. Estudio de modelos y casos

Palabras clave

Supply chain, logistics, closed loop, reverse, integration. : Red de valor, logística, ciclo cerrado, reversa, integración

Resumen

El artículo presenta resultados de investigación en los campos de las redes de valor y la logística, en el sector de las industrias manufactureras. En la primera parte —tras esbozar un breve marco histórico—, se analizan las relaciones entre estos dos conceptos y se desarrolla una sucinta aproximación a sus orígenes y evolución. En el apartado de metodología se describen los criterios y las técnicas seleccionadas para la fase exploratoria de la investigación, de la cual procede el artículo. En la segunda parte se presentan los resultados obtenidos de los trabajos de campo realizados en tres industrias del sector: calzado, confecciones y textiles, a partir de los cuales se plantea un modelo integrador de los procesos de la logística en las redes de valor. Se concluye que es necesario diseñar herramientas y modelos que integren los procesos de los campos de la logística, que logren cerrar el ciclo a través de diseños de redes de valor de ciclo cerrado y que integren la logística hacia adelante y hacia atrás.

https://doi.org/10.18270/rt.v17i2.3333

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