Revisión rápida
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Palabras clave

Mask
Aerobic exercise
Adult
Heart rate
Respiratory rate
Oxygen saturation
CO2 concentration Mascarilla
Ejercicio aeróbico
Adulto
Frecuencia cardiaca
Frecuencia respiratoria
Saturación oxígeno
Concentración CO2 Máscara
exercício aeróbio
Exercício aeróbio
Adulto
Frequência cardíaca
Frequência respiratória
Saturação de oxigênio
Concentração de CO2

Cómo citar

Garcia Rairan, L. A., Alfonso Diaz, G., & González Cruz, M. A. (2021). Revisión rápida: Cambios fisiológicos durante ejercicio aeróbico con mascarilla. Revista Salud Bosque, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.18270/rsb.v11i1.3504

Resumen

Objetivo. Identificar los cambios fisioló gicos durante la realización de ejercicio aeró bico con mascarilla en adultos. Material y métodos. Se utilizó  una adaptación de la metodología de revisión rápida de Cochrane. Se consultaron las bases de datos: Pubmed, EMBASE y Scopus, empleando los términos Decs “masks”, “vital signs” y “aerobic exercise”. Se incluyeron estudios experimentales, en adultos sin comorbilidades, en condiciones de ejercicio aeróbico. Resultados. Se encontraron 331 artículos, 12 fueron seleccionados. Se evaluaron cambios en la temperatura corporal, frecuencia respiratoria y cardiaca, concentración de oxígeno y concentración de CO2 reinhalado, antes y después del uso de mascarilla quirúrgica o N95 en tres y seis investigaciones respectivamente. Durante el ejercicio de baja intensidad con mascarilla se observaron incrementos de la frecuencia cardiaca y respiratoria, temperatura, concentración de oxígeno y de CO2 reinhalado, siendo cambios leves y sin relevancia clínica. La percepción de esfuerzo no mostró diferencias entre los grupos de estudio evaluados, sin embargo, sí se evidenció disparidad entre el uso o no de mascarilla. No se encontraron estudios con intervenciones de moderada o alta intensidad. Conclusión. El uso de tapabocas durante ejercicio de baja intensidad incrementa levemente la frecuencia cardiaca y respiratoria, la temperatura corporal, la concentración de oxígeno y CO2 reinhalado; sin embargo, estos cambios no tienen relevancia clínica ni impacto negativo en el desarrollo del ejercicio. Futuras investigaciones deberán evaluar cambios fisiológicos durante ejercicio de moderada y alta intensidad.

https://doi.org/10.18270/rsb.v11i1.3504
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