Teorías en estudios de hombres transgénero: una revisión de la literatura
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Palabras clave

Transgender man
queer theories
theories of recognition
bioethics
discrimination
sexual identity
gender identity
queer hombre transgénero
teorías queer
teorías del reconocimiento
bioética
discriminación
identidad sexual
identidad de género
queer homem transgênero
teorias queer
teorias do reconhecimento
bioética
discriminação
identidade sexual
identidade de gênero
queer

Cómo citar

Alcalá-Mercado, M. B. (2020). Teorías en estudios de hombres transgénero: una revisión de la literatura. Revista Colombiana De Bioética, 15(2). https://doi.org/10.18270/rcb.v15i2.3054

Resumen

Propósito/ Contexto. Este artículo busca categorizar las teorías descritas en los estudios empíricos sobre los hombres transgénero, con el propósito de contribuir a los avances epistemológicos y metodológicos en bioética, mediante abordajes transdisciplinares.

Metodología/Enfoque. Se hace una revisión cualitativa de la literatura, de tipo narrativo, con objetivo y pregunta de investigación, búsqueda bibliográfica, recuperación de estudios, sistematización, selección, construcción de base de datos, análisis primario, evaluación y análisis por temas. La revisión abarca los estudios empíricos sobre los hombres transgénero que se encontraron en artículos publicados en revistas en PubMed, APA, DOAJ y SciELO, desde enero de 2010 a mayo de 2019, en español e inglés, y sin límite de diseño. Los artículos incluidos se clasificaron por tema emergente y por teoría, de acuerdo con el autor de la publicación.

Resultados. De 79 artículos, 46 tuvieron un enfoque cuantitativo, 25 cualitativo y 8 mixto. Las temáticas emergentes se refieren a la discriminación, la diversidad, la educación, la identidad, el mercadeo, la salud, lo social y la violencia. Hay ausencia de fundamentos teóricos en 83.5 % de las publicaciones, en el 15.2 % lo teórico se describe indirectamente y apenas en un 3.85 % las teorías se hacen explícitas, en particular en lo que se refiere a lo queer, al reconocimiento y a la identidad sexual y de género.

Discusión/Conclusión/Contribuciones. La producción empírica sobre los hombres transgénero carece de soporte teórico explícito, excepto en 3 artículos. Esto señala la necesidad de trabajar en desarrollos propios, desde la bioética, que impacten en la toma de decisiones individuales y colectivas.

https://doi.org/10.18270/rcb.v15i2.3054
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