Filosofía de la Ciencia del Cambio Climático

Palabras clave

calentamiento global
modelos climáticos
realismo científico

Cómo citar

Madrid Casado, C. M. (2021). Filosofía de la Ciencia del Cambio Climático: modelos, problemas e incertidumbres. Revista Colombiana De Filosofía De La Ciencia, 20(41), 201–234.


El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar los problemas de la filosofía de la ciencia que enfrentan los investigadores del cambio climático. El tópico de la carga teórica de la observación aparece dentro del campo como una indispensabilidad de modelos teóricos en la detección y atribución del cambio climático. La infra-determinación empírica de los modelos se acompaña de una incertidumbre de valores (de series instrumentales y datos proxy) y una incertidumbre estructural, relativa a la especificación de los acoplamientos y forzamientos radiativos. Se examina, además, el realismo de los modelos globales en conexión con su calibración y las proyecciones climáticas.

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