Variedades de la experiencia de sí mismo: una fenomenología comparativa de la melancolía, la manía y la esquizofrenia. Parte I

Cómo citar

Sass, L., & Pienkos, E. (2016). Variedades de la experiencia de sí mismo: una fenomenología comparativa de la melancolía, la manía y la esquizofrenia. Parte I. Revista Colombiana De Filosofía De La Ciencia, 14(28).


Este trabajo ofrece un estudio crítico de algunos trastornos de la experiencia de sí mismo [self experience], sutiles y a menudo pasados por alto, que pueden encontrarse en la esquizofrenia, la melancolía y la manía. El objetivo es mejorar la comprensión de las similitudes y las diferencias entre estos desórdenes. Aquí presentamos estudios clásicos y contemporáneos, en su mayoría de la tradición fenomenológica, que ilustramos con reportes de pacientes. Se consideran cambios experienciales en cinco dominios del “sí mismo” [selfhood] (siguiendo a Parnas et al., 2005): cognición, auto-conciencia, experiencias corporales, demarcación/transitivismo, y reorientación existencial. Vamos a discutir: I, las principales diferencias entre la esquizofrenia y los desordenes afectivos que involucran la experiencia propia; II, experiencias en las cuales estas condiciones, a pesar de las diferencias principales, se parecen entre sí; y III, sugerencias sobre cómo estas experiencias pueden, sin embargo, diferenciarse en un plano fenomenológico más sutil. Mientras que los pacientes afectivos pueden pasar por cambios significativos en su experiencia propia, su sentido subyacente de una individualidad mínima o básica (“ipseidad”) se mantiene intacto. En la esquizofrenia hay un trastorno del sí mismo [self] básico, y esto nos puede ayudar a dar cuenta de muchos de los trastornos característicos de este desorden.


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