La relación entre el comercio internacional y las políticas de inmigración
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Desilus, B. (2020). La relación entre el comercio internacional y las políticas de inmigración: Evidencia de México y los Estados Unidos. Cuadernos Latinoamericanos De Administración, 16(31). https://doi.org/10.18270/cuaderlam.v16i31.3119

Resumen

Este artículo describe cómo la administración de Trump trata a México como un campo de pruebas en términos de comercio e inmigración, dos temas importantes respecto a los cuales prometió un cambio radical de política. Así, el objetivo de este trabajo es demostrar que el anuncio de la nueva ley de inmigración, conocida como Reforma de la Inmigración Estadounidense para un Empleo Fuerte (RAISE, por su sigla en inglés) y la política de inmigración en su conjunto son el reflejo del racismo y la supremacía blanca de la administración Trump. 

 

Se analiza el déficit en cuenta corriente entre México y Estados Unidos, que se ha utilizado como ancla para la política migratoria. Asimismo, se destaca la teoría realista de las relaciones internacionales, según la cual el poder está en el centro de todo tipo de acuerdos comerciales liberados. Dado lo anterior, se señalan los siguientes problemas estructurales: (i) el racismo y el nacionalismo blanco en la administración Trump; (ii) las causas y consecuencias del poder y el grado de explotación en la relación comercial entre Estados Unidos y México; (iii) la reducción del déficit comercial de Estados Unidos con los socios del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte no es un reflejo del  Juego  Limpio en el  Comercio  Mundial y, por lo tanto, es insostenible a largo plazo, y (iv) el crecimiento del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) en el primer trimestre de 2019 (3,2 por ciento) de los Estados Unidos no es la medida de la economía o el arancel de importación, sino el resultado de un gran recorte de impuestos corporativos para alcanzar mayores beneficios corporativos.

https://doi.org/10.18270/cuaderlam.v16i31.3119
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